The illustrations were made by David Roberts (1796 - 1864), a Scottish orientalist painter, member of the Royal Academy of Arts. From 1831 he traveled around Europe and the Middle East, painting landscapes characterized by topographical accuracy. Roberts used the technique of oil and watercolor, he also published books rich in illustrations. His best known publication is The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia (six volumes from 1842-1849), from which the prints come.
The attached graphic shows the sanctuary of the Abu Simbel Temple, which includes a complex of two temples built between 1264 and 1244 BC, under the rule of Pharaoh Ramses II. The temples were carved into the rock on the west bank of the Nile in Lower Nubia, about 300 km south of Aswan. They were to show the power of ancient Egypt to the visitors from Nubia.